According to an account which Philby later filed for The Times, the car was hit by an artillery shell in the small village of Caude. While holding this highly sensitive post, he revealed to the U.S.S.R. an Allied plan to send armed anticommunist bands into Albania in 1950, thereby assuring their defeat; warned two Soviet double agents in the British diplomatic service, Burgess and Donald MacLean, that they were under suspicion (the two men consequently escaped to the Soviet Union in 1951); and transmitted detailed information about MI-6 and the Central Intelligence Agency to the Soviets. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Of the five, Philby is believed to have been most successful in providing secret information to the Soviets. Kim died when I was five, so I had a limited amount of direct interaction. "There was one funny incident," she remembered. Thereafter he worked as a journalist in Beirut until fleeing to the Soviet Union in 1963. Born in 1946, Dudley ‘Tommy’ Philby is the third of Kim’s five children with his second of four wives, Aileen Furse Philby. Kim leapt up and shouted, 'Whoever is rude to my wife is rude to me!' While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. We searched every corner until Kim suddenly struck himself on the head with his hand, went to a cupboard and brought back the boot. Kim was 76 years old at the time of death. It was a miracle. After Burgess’s and MacLean’s defections, suspicion fell on Philby, and he was relieved of his intelligence duties in 1951 and dismissed from MI-6 in 1955. The footage sheds long-awaited new light on Philby: Despite making headlines around the world and inspiring books and films about his exploits, the … Pukhova said he was a "special" and principled man. Philby, Burgess and MacLean – Spy Scandal of the Century, a BBC drama produced for TV in 1977, covers the period of the late 1940s, when British intelligence investigated Kim Philby's colleague Donald Maclean until 1955 when the British government cleared Philby because it did … He was known for passing more than 900 British documents over to the KGB. Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer and a double agent for the Soviet Union. Born in Ambala, Punjab, India, Philby was the son of Harry St. John Philby, a British Army officer, diplomat, explorer, author, and Orientalist who converted to Islam[2] and was advisor to King Ibn Sa'ud of Saudi Arabia. He said, 'Why do old people live so badly here? In 1963 he was revealed to be a member of the Cambridge Five, a spy ring which passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and in the early stages of the Cold War. And he kept his word to the end." Read the essential details about Kim Philby that includes images, quotations and the main facts of his life. ", Pukhova, now 78, said she was irritated by stories about Philby's drink problem, but admitted he wasn't always able to stick to his two-glass rule. Likewise, the Philby–Burgess–Maclean spy ring, which penetrated the highest circles of Britain’s MI-6 intelligence agency, provided the Soviets with a tremendous amount of information on British and Allied military and counterintelligence operations during and after World War II. ", His habit was fuelled by his sorrow over what he saw around him, she added. His drinking made him paranoid that his wife would abandon him. Kim Philby, byname of Harold Adrian Russell Philby, (born January 1, 1912, Ambala, India—died May 11, 1988, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.), British intelligence officer until 1951 and the most successful Soviet double agent of the Cold War period.. Mr Roberts, 73, died last year on Jersey and the Philby photos are being sold at auction by his estate. We got together in our cabin to discuss our plans. The two-drink tradition remained but in time there was no longer a need to hide the bottle, she added. Philby died in Moscow in 1988 at the age of 76, receiving the funeral of a hero of the Soviet Union. Kim Philby drank while Guy Burgess, who was gay, missed his friends in London, including Anthony Blunt whose spying activities, though known to the government, were kept under wraps until they were exposed much later, in 1979. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Philby's work led to the deaths of dozens of British agents, making him a reviled traitor once he was exposed in Britain. Corrections? Harold (Kim) Philby, the son of the diplomat, Harry St John Bridger Philby, was born in Ambala, India, in 1911. "It was winter and we were going out for a walk and I found one of my boots had disappeared. He and Pukhova married in 1971, when he was 59 and she was 38. It was a bit too late as all the damage was already done, for starters. Charlotte Philby, daughter of John Philby, H.A.R. Kim Philby, British intelligence officer until 1951 and the most successful Soviet double agent of the Cold War period. By the end of World War II, Philby had become head of counterespionage operations for MI-6, in which post he was responsible for combating Soviet subversion in western Europe. It seems that after WWII secret services refrained from killing each other’s personnel. In the later years of his life a senior KGB officer who bumped into him described Philby as an “alcoholic wreck”. John Philby, the eldest son of Soviet spy Kim Philby, who was a double agent and the notorious Third Man in the Cambridge spy ring of the 1930s, has died in England. Philby later recalled: "So it was a date well remembered, because it … Maclean bequeathed Blake his library of books, including Trollope, Macaulay's History of England, Morley's Life of Gladstone, and the Macmillan and Eden memoirs. "I said something to the escort and he just stayed silent, sitting, leafing through his magazine. Rufina Pukhova, his Russian-Polish wife, said Philby struggled to control his drinking by downing only two glasses of cognac a night and then handing her the bottle to hide. Philby's less attractive personal qualities were matched by a charm to which many of his MI6 colleagues succumbed. When Philby died in Moscow in 1988 at the age of … He died in Moscow in 1988. Harold "Kim" Philby. Kim Philby. Charlotte Philby in Moscow with her father John, after Kim Philby died in 1988 (Photo: Charlotte Philby) I imagine there was a light breeze as my … But in Russia he is still admired as a hero. Solomon was a good friend of Kim Philby and she introduced him to Aileen at her home on 3rd September 1939. Photograph: Daily Mail/Rex Features. He was apparently responsible for the deaths of many Western agents whose activities he betrayed to the Soviets during the 1940s and early ’50s. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Kim Philby was probably the most successful double spy in history. Kim Philby, called the ''spy of the century'' because of his work for the Soviet Union while a senior officer in British intelligence, died Wednesday in Moscow, the Foreign Office said. Updates? A memorial to him stands in the Kuntsevo Cemetery, in the Russian capital. Kim Philby Birthday and Date of Death. Philby died in the city in 1988, 25 years after defecting to the Soviet Union, where he was employed as an occasional consultant to the KGB helping to prepare spies for missions to the west. He was 76. While a student at the University of Cambridge, Philby became a communist and in 1933 a Soviet agent. Harold "Kim" Philby was a senior officer in Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service, known as MI6, who began his work for the Soviet Union as a spy in 1934. There he settled in Moscow and eventually reached the rank of colonel in the KGB, the Soviet intelligence service. In the Cold War some sons of privilege betrayed Britain in the service of tyranny. British intelligence officer and Soviet spy. However, Pukhova said the fear that she would leave had helped her husband temper his intake in later years. H. A. R. 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